Stellar Nucleosynthesis Reactions
In neutron stars, the neutrons are typically in a 10 to 1 ratio with protons and electrons—so where do the elemental nuclei, which are just as necessary for the r-process as neutrons, come from?
And the ubiquitous question remains, how much was already there and how much formed from the collision?
Radiation from pulsar PSR B1509-58, a rapidly spinning neutron star, makes nearby gases glow gold (image from the Chandra X-ray observatory) and illuminates the rest of the nebula in blue and red (image from WISE: Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer).
Image credit: X-ray: NASA/cxc/SAO; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Adapted for use in accordance with federal copyright (fair use doctrine) law.
Why should we be concerned about where heavy elements—those with a proton number greater than 26—came from?
The hottest known place in the universe occurs in the searing gas surrounding a swarm of galaxies in the constellation Virgo. Usage by ICR does not imply endorsement of copyright holder.
The primary nuclei present in the supernova debris would be lighter elements such as hydrogen and helium.
Thus, any paradigm based on the veracity of this account does not allow for any elements on Earth to have come from stars.
In the biblical narrative, human beings were fashioned from the dust of the earth (Genesis 2:7), not from star dust.
All these explanations rely on extremely improbable events happening at incomprehensibly high energies over mind-numbing time frames—in essence, the energy, matter, random chance paradigm.