Penalty And Racial Disparities Thesis
residents has heightened at 10.2 in 1980 and dropped in 1984 to 7.9.Since 1999 the rate of homicide victims have retained a steady range.After a discussion of nine of the most prevalent shortcomings in previous research, this article critically examines the contemporary presentencing literature to ascertain the extent to which a discrimination thesis (DT) receives empirical support.It reviews the findings from 52studies conducted since 1970 that employ multivariate statistical analysis.A 1988 study by Sheldon Ekland-Olson found that in the first decade after Furman, criminal cases in Texas involving white victims were more likely to result in a death sentence than those involving either black or Hispanic victims.A 1990 Government Accountability Office analysis of 28 studies, in 82% of these studies, found that murder cases with white victims were more likely than those with black victims to result in a death sentence.People tend to see Black physical traits as directly related to criminality.The synthesis supported a strong race of victim influence.
Kemp that statistical evidence of bias in the criminal justice system is insufficient to overturn an individual's sentence.
Special attention is devoted to critiquing the methodological shortcomings of studies that support a nondiscrimination thesis (NDT).
The implications of these weaknesses for the race/criminal processing nexus are discussed.
In 1983, David Baldus co-authored a study that found that capital punishment in Georgia since the decision in Furman v.
Georgia was handed down 1972 had been applied unevenly across race.
In 1998, Baldus published another study which concluded that black defendants in certain types of murder cases in Philadelphia were almost four times as likely to be sentenced to death than were their white counterparts.