Henry David Transcendentalist American Essayist And Poet Beyond Aesthetics Philosophical Essays
Taylor 2010 places key transcendentalists in an account of New England conceptions of American intellectualism.
They developed literary as well as theological forms of expression, making perhaps a stronger impact on American literary and artistic culture than they did on American religion.
When Emerson delivered two controversial addresses at Harvard, “The American Scholar” (1837) and the Divinity School Address (1838), he emerged as the central figure of a loose coalition of ministers and aspiring authors who questioned religious doctrines, such as the New Testament miracles and the supernatural nature of Jesus, and embraced German Romantic writers and the British Romantics.
The transcendentalists also responded to the politically turbulent 1840s and 1850s, devoting themselves to issues of social reform.