Essays On The Law Of Nature
Also included are selected shorter philosophical writings from the same decade.In his 1664 valedictory speech as Censor of Moral Philosophy at Christ Church, Oxford, Locke discusses thequestion: Can anyone by nature be happy in this life?God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone.The laws he created are the civil law, the natural law and the divine law God created them from a law much superior than the rest, one which only God himself has the knowledge of, the eternal law.This is a decent reading of natural law, but it is hardly convincing to anyone who does not have a prior belief in some omnipotent God to make such a law.It is taken as a given that God exists and creates a system of rules for us; the question after that is merely whether we must obey it or not.
Cooperation leads to more wealth than conflict and can create a set of rules all its own.The working title in The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke is a variation on the same theme: Disputations on the law of nature. For his draft, Locke turned over a notebook used for “Lemmata” and wrote on unused versos at the back. The titles of many of the essays are in Locke’s hand, and there are numerous deletions and corrections. The manuscript consists of eight quires, signed A-H Von Leyden, “Introduction” to publication #1 above; Abrams, “Introduction” to Two tracts on government (1967), pages 84-107; Horwitz, “Introduction” to publication #3 above; Jenny Strauss Clay, “The manuscripts” in publication #3 above, pages 63-72; M. Stewart, review of publication #3 in Locke newsletter, 23 (1992):145-165.This then being taken for granted, and it would be wrong to doubt it, namely, that some divine being presides over the world…it seems just therefore to inquire whether man alone has come into the world altogether exempt from any law applicable to himself, without a plan, rule, or any pattern of his life.No one will easily believe this, who has reflected upon Almighty God, or the unvarying consensus of the whole of mankind at every time and in every place, or even upon himself or his conscience.