Essay On Reconstruction After The Civil War
Sumner and Stevens hoped President Andrew Johnson, who succeeded the assassinated President Lincoln in April 1865, would be even harsher than Lincoln in readmitting Confederate states.
But Johnson, a former slaveowner from East Tennessee, believed in limited federal intervention and did not share the Radical Republicans’ sweeping vision of the rights of African Americans.
It did not only mark the star of equality that the slaves had been fighting for in a very long time, but also the end of a nations division.However, the process of rebuilding the south during this era provided so many challenges that the country faced.The president, Andrew Johnson, and his administration had introduced legislation restriction “black codes” with the aim of controlling the behavior of former slaves and other African-Americans.The venerable Charles Sumner of Massachusetts—a fiery, well-spoken abolitionist who endured an infamous beating from South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks on the Senate Floor in 1856—led the Radical Republicans in the Senate.Pennsylvania Representative Thaddeus Stevens—caustic, brooding, and a brilliant political strategist—led the charge in the House.
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