Case Studies In Health Inion Management Mccuen
The judge bel.iw, whose decision is appealed from, puts the records ia his pocket, and takes them iiome witii him; ajid then pleads to the jurisdiciion of the couit above, and when the records are called lor, refuses to give them Up. Error has been clearly demonstrated on some points, but not so clearly on others. And, in the present case, as we have not all the testimony, 1 cannot, in view of my ordination vow to maintain the constitution ot our church, vole at all, c or the other.
Il'it was in a civil court, we should very quickly know what to do with him. Sir, the records ol" the universe do not show such a case. I move to amend the words of the order moved by brother Breckinridge for the books of the Presbytery by striking out the Words "stated clerk of" : so that the order should be directed to the . Some of the doctrines quoted from the book, hov/ever, arc palpa- bly against our standards. In deciding tlie appeal, it ia necessary to have the testimony, and a// the testi- mony, which was laid before the court below.
And why may not the same state o( things prevail here? The Synod averruie U ilio plea to theit jurisdiction on the ground that the appeal was laken to this Synod without ob- jeciion on the part of the said Presbytery, it being fully ascer- tained that no meeting of the Synod of Delaware could be held, because by the act of the last As5emli|y it would be dis- solved prior to the date to which it stood adjourned.
I hope, for one, that Instead of injuring, the discussion will greatly i)ro- niote the cause ol piety and truth. It more- over appeared, fr'.'in the acknovvleili,'ment of Mr.
in the Observer, (to the enterprise of whose Propri etors the religious public is not now for the first time indebted), has induced the Publishers to throw- it into its present more convenient and permanent form. I hope we shall take up this matter at an early day. Our churches expect us to take it up, and to examine it. It has been confidently said, before w^e came here, that synod would shrink from the question. I hope we shall take up the appeal: and take it up soon, while the House re- mains full. On the whole 1 am fiersuaded that this book is calculated to poison that ountain of divine truth from which as a church we all should drink : and I hold it to be our duty to in- tercept the polluted stream, before it spreads its con- sequences far and wide through the land. He rcsj ondcd with warmth to what he coiisitiered an unlbuntled charge, and expressed much personal regard lor Mr. The k-tier beinjr a pri- vate o;;e, was withdrawn : and the Reporter deems the above all the notice that it is proper to take of what on the occasion.] Mr.
The favorable reception of the Report as it appeared J^ MOTICI. 1 have little doubt that there will be an appeal : but to shiit ort'all our business on the higher judicatory is anti-presbyterial. Sure I am tliat I have as little wish or disposition to enter MR. I am, I say, opposed to this reference : still, 1 have made it a princii)le throuj^hout my long life, always to go with my brethren whenever there was no conscientious scruples in the way. Mc Ki NNEY, I consider this case as dil Hcult, to be sure, but not more so than other cases which come before us. Our own churches want to know what we think on these leading, on these disputed points. And certainly, if a man impugns publicly the standards of faifh he has sworn lo main- tain, he cannot complain if he is denied a standing in the church which holds them. Uutlield, in reply, utterly derned alt such intentioii, and aj'i)ealcd to iliose who had heard his Jan£uage. Breckinridt^e's impression had arisen from a misiinderstanding, and ihai his warmth of remark had been i)romi)Led ny the desire to vindicate an ahseiii I'ricnd.
ALBERT BARNES, BEFORE THE SYNOD OF PHILADELPHIA, Iia Ses Mon at Torli, October 1835. AS REPORTED FOR THE NEW YORK OBSERVER, BIT ILBTHUR J- ST AKSBXTRir . The Prosecution was aimed not at him, personally, but rather at the the- ological views embraced and promulgated by him . and that a faithful and important expose of the whole scene should be presented to the Church. The Assembly, as we all know, will have much to dn : and when cases have been thus referred to that body they have in every instance sent the matter down again to be issued by the judi- catory below : and if I should be a member of the next Assembly I think I should make a motion of that kind, should the case be sent there. I move you that the Stated Clerk of the Assembly's 2d Presbytery be ordered im- mediately to lay on the table of this Synod so much of the records of that Presbytery as relate to the case ol Dr. If tiie book contracucls itself, and may be e.xplaincd to mean either one tiung or the op- posite, eacli man will of cour.^e explain it in his own way, and will take such iaris as agree with his own Tiews. Only carry out these principles and they subvert the whole grounds of my hope in Christ, I think that the appellant has fully sustained all the charges ; though 1 do not say that he has established all with equal clearness.
Barnes was an important event in the Presbyterian Church. cently preceded it, principles and not men, were at issue. It was there- fore very desirable, not only that all the steps in the proceedings should be carefully noted down, but that the arguments in support of them, and the sentiments of the leading men engaged, whether in effecting, or in opposing them, should be preserved! At the opening of Synod, 245 members were present, viz. On the vote for Moderator, 230 votes were siven, viz. This business having been disposed of, the ap- peal taken by the Rev. 1 move you, sir, that this ap- peal be referred to the next meeting of the General Assembly. I am opposed, in all instances, to having an inferior court rel'cr its own duties to a higher, unless in cases far niore special than I appre- hend this to be. From the day of your meeting, "at and after" that day we became subject to your control: but till then you have no power in respect to us or our doings. We condemn the inquisition in Spain and Portugal: I hope we shall not introduce it here. W e are called upon to dispose of the errors in Mr. g so we must put u|)on 'ts language our own interpretation. A man would not write such things as are m this book if he knows the use of language and does not intend to convey such a ineaniiig as the words express. The first point, is that all sin consists in action : then that faith is an aci and not a principle: then, in accordance with this, that we are not cliargeable with Adams' transgression ; the denial of this is part and parcel of the system. All the points are not equally injportant, yet they all constitute one connected system ; and the whole form a battery, levelled at the very foundations of the Presbyterian Church.
There can be no use of along discussion here when we all know that our decision is not to be final in the cause, k will go up : and il there is a complaint, the whole Synod will be thrown out and not allowed to vote. I cannot consent to the insinu- ation that we are so prejudiced that we cannot right- eously decide it. I am prejudiced, stronsfly prejudiced, but I trust it is in fa- vor of God and ol his truth, and of tlie order of his house. But as to any feel- ing of personal bitterness toward the author of the book on the Romans, I utterly disclaim and deny it. I trust, at least, that we are not to be mfluenced by an insinua- MR. "We are all, 1 am sure, sick at heart of this state of contention and endless disputation: Yes, sir, I, for one, am heartily disgust- ed with it. And I now ask the brethren on the other side, whether they will acquiesce in the reference, if it is made ? Barnes, I proposed to carry up the cause at once to the Gene- ral Assembly, on account of the diliicully that might attend the question of jurisdiction. But if Synod say that 1 am one of the parties, and not the Presbytery, I am rea- dy. I was incorrect in saying that the Sy- nod of Delaware had no record of the date to which it stood adjourned. 1 have all the papers here; and so far as I am personally concerneu, I am ready. Junkin, and the 2d Presbytery, from whose act he api)eals. Let us rather go to scrii)ture and to the throne ol yrnce. cipiiiie wiiich was meant to builil up tiie churcli siiall iirove tlie means ol puliini^ down and (iestroying it, the fault wdl not be ours, .i laitlil'ul ap|)lica Lion of the proper means that is in our power ; and it will, in the end, prove the most successiul mode of es- tablishiiiir the church on sure Ibundaiions. Jun- kin has satisfied me in respect lo several of the counts in the irnlxtment he hris prelerrcd, and when the time shall come to Jiive tiie final vole 1 trust his ap- peal will be sustained. He did so under the dec lured cotiviclioti that he eould not delt'iid liimstlf at. our juri^diclion and llie constiiuiicnalily of hi.-? The plea bting overruled, and the overruling act not objected to in such a way as to arrest proceeding,', the records were again called for, and again denied to the Synod.Beecher, render the reports of both, items of great value, as supplying materials to the future historian of the American Church. It had been said there were certain prejudices against the synod as being prepossessed, as having preju- diced the case. Butifweareio refer it to the Assembly and then vote upon it there, I do not think it will be a lair pro- ceeding. I am strongly in favor of referrino^ this whole case to the General Assembly, but with the understanding that the other party shall not enter a complaint against this act, so as to leave it in the power of the Assembly to take up the matter either on the reference or on the complaint, according as that body maybe found to have one complexion or the other. It shall alwa3:s be deemed the duly of the judicatory, whose judgment is appealed from, to send auihcntic copies of all their records, and of the whole testimony relating to the matter of the appeal. Truth was given for the illumination and sanctification of the church and of the world : and if you allow its streams to be mixed with poison, and thus to flow through the length and breadth of our Jerusalem you will al- low the dearest interests of men to be most seriously periled. Barnes's standing is such that we ought not to try him at all: and some have even said that if our church constitu- tion requires us to cut ofi' such a man as this, they are for getting another and a better as soon as pos- sible. And now moderator, if it is como to this, and it is our constitution which thus prevents the spreading of erroneous doctrine, it 18* 214 TKIAL OF ia time for this Synod to ppeak out, and to express its «entimcius in such a manner as shiill be etleclually felt in our churches. I confess I was sur- prised to hear it said by Dr Junkin on this floor, that if Mr. of the Assembly's Second I'resbytery of Philadelphia, from ihe vote of censure passed by Synod, made the follow- ing report, which was accepted and adopted, and is as follows, viz : The Committee appointed to prepare a minute in relation to the appeal of the Assembly's Second Presbytery, against the decision of this Synod, declaring the conduct of said Presbytery in endeavoring to embarrass the proceedings of Synod in the case of Dr. Barnes was the ground of the decision appealed from. We shall be looked upon as having prejudiced it : because the same au- thor has been before us on a former occasion. The case stands just so: and I hope there will be no exhi- bitions ot wriith about the matter. The omission of any provision on that subject was a mere slip of the memory : a lapsus in legisla- tion : and possibly it was permitted by Providence that it might afford that protection to tlie Presbytery which is now contended for. I hope Providence is not to be charged with our lapsus of legislation, whether intentional or otherwise. As that Synod no longer remains to receive and issue the appeal, it must come here. Botli the parties declare that they are ready for trial. Hebe- gins, and having advanced some way, he lalls again mlo correct pin-aseology, atid liais liis work comes to be lull ofcoidiision aiut contradiciions. are passages which agree wiili the confession, and he will he for interpreting all the rest in conformity with these. I be- lieve it contains errors which are extremely danger- ous. an inttrpleadej-, and says tnat he will not deliver them up. And It is .-Lliirnitd that improvements in divinity are to keep pace wilii the improvement of human science. 1 think that ail the counts under the general cirarge of herfsy have not been established with equal clearness. The ori- ginal p.uties do not come in at all, until the fourth stage ol the proceeding. This is a court; and the appeiiai U and ai)pcllce have declared tlieinselves rea- dy lor trial, and here is a party who happens, acci- dentally, to have the evidence on which the cause luius, in his pocket: he enterc! We are to Ki that man is not in a state of corruption, and that be possesses plenary ability to work out his own salvation. So in ihe 10th 6ub-seciion ol' section 3, liie object of the decision by the appellate court is declared to be, " eimer to con- firm, or reverse, in whole or in part, the decision of the inferior judicalory : or to remit the cause, for the purpose of amending the record, should it ap- pear to be incorrect or defective ; or for a new trial." in my view, the very nature of an appeal implies, that there is nothinir to do wiiii the incipient stage of the cause, until the appeal shall be issued.
I was merely stating my reasons for wishing the subject rclerred to the Ae- eembly. If they I'raudulently withhold thu evidet,ce, we can take the best evidence the case will allow. If that was intended as a trap, it is plain the Synod have fallen into it. 1 did draw up the plan the brother refers to, but had it remained as I drew it, no such advan- tage would have been taken. The mem- bers of the 2d Presbytery had no ris^ht now to speak. But if the sneers of the brother are thrown at me, I can assure him they will fall harmless to the ground, for 1 am strong in conscious innocence. I appeal then to lawyers out of \96 t Rl AL OJ' this court.