Behavioral And Social Learning Theories Essay Value Of Unity Essay
(2) Equivalence belief- a previously neutral event develops the ability to satisfy a need.
(3) Field- cognition mode- learned or inherited strategies that are used while trying to solve problems.
According to instrumental conditioning, learning is a process of trial and error (Ormrod, 2011, p.324).
Tolman developed six different kinds of learning: (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009).
(1) Cathexes- our learned tendency to associate certain objects with certain drive states.
Tolman conducted experiments using rats to develop his learning theory.
He is most famous for his studies involving maze running (Vanderzwag, 1998). The next group was not rewarded until day seven and the third was rewarded on day three.
These experiments are what led to the theory of latent learning. Of course they ran the maze with fewer errors after they received their reward.